|Material||Wool, Polyester, Leather, Cotton|
A blouson is a type of jacket that is drawn tight at the waist, which makes its upper portion blouse out and hang over the waistband. Similar to a flight jacket, a blouson usually features details on the cuffs and hem, with a zipper in the front. Once a signature article of outerwear in military and law enforcement uniforms, the blouson has been a popular choice of retro-style sports jacket in casual dress.
The original blousons are made from light and mid-weight woven fabrics with a smooth and crisp surface that translates to a lean and structured appearance. Available in a wide range of materials, including cotton, suede and leather, many blousons feature patterned lining in contrasting colors, which is considered a signature style of the jacket. It usually comes with a point collar or a funnel collar that can be buttoned or zipped up. The sleeve cuffs may feature ribbing, lapels or buttons, depending on the style of the jacket.
A blouson mostly consists of straight style lines, including the front opening, sleeves and waistline, with the side pockets cut at a slant or a right angle. The traditional blousons tend to resemble an inverted trapezoid as they taper towards the waistline, as it is the case with the Eisenhower jacket. Modern styles of blousons may feature a more rectangular form that is very similar to the flight jacket or Harrington jacket.
The MA-1 bomber jacket, which is widely considered the original blouson, was designed for the United States military during the 1950s.
- The Black jacket was popularized by Yves Saint Laurent and was donned by some music groups in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
- Modern flight jackets have been popular with skinheads and scooter boys from the 1980s onwards.
- In 1993, the blouson was worn as the national costume of the United States for the APEC meeting held in Seattle, Washington.
- In 2010, the New York Police Department incorporated the blue blouson as part of its winter uniform.
Due to its sturdy design and heavy insulation, the blouson jacket has long been associated with the official uniform of police departments in the United States, Austria, Israel, New Zealand, Germany and the United Kingdom. It has been since incorporated into a number of popular alternative dress styles, most notably in Mod and prep fashion.
A blouson jacket is a very versatile item of outerwear in men's casual outfitting; the jacket's blousing form at the top makes it ideal as an outerwear to a dress shirt or a sweater. Sporty windbreaker variations of the blouson can be outfitted with as little as a t-shirt and a pair of jeans.