Pea coat

From The Dress Code
{{#ifexist: File:Pea coat.svg | x350px | x350px}}
Class Outerwear
Type Coat
Material Wool, Cotton, Leather, Fur
Length Unknown
Shape Unknown
Alias Unknown

A pea coat, also known as reefer jacket, is a type of coat made from heavy wool that was originally worn by sailors of European and later American navies.

Features

Pea coats are characterized by short length, broad lapels, double-breasted fronts, often large wooden, metal or plastic buttons, and vertical or slash pockets. The standard for historical pea coats was wool, most often made of heavy Melton cloth through the 1970s in the U.S. Navy. Presently coats are made from wool. While pea coats are offered in many colors by retailers, the US Navy-issue pea coat is dark blue. Modern renditions still maintain the original design and composition. The style is considered a classic, and pea coats are now worn by all manner of individuals. The style has evolved to the addition of hoods.

Origin

References to the pea jacket appear in American newspapers at least as early as the 1723.

Usage

A black leather version of the reefer jacket was worn by Kriegsmarine U-Boat officers during World War II, including Admiral Dönitz. It was also worn with a peaked cap by Red Army commissars, tank commanders and pilots.

A few of the jackets seen on the street are genuine navy surplus; being a classic garment, it is frequently available from retailers, though often with small design changes that reflect the current fashion trends.

Christopher Eccleston wore an identical coat when portraying The Doctor.

Variants

A bridge coat is a pea coat that extends to the thighs, and is a uniform exclusively for officers and chief petty officers. The reefer jacket is for officers and chief petty officers only, and is identical to the basic design but usually has gold buttons and epaulettes. Only officers wear the epaulettes.