Sweater

From The Dress Code
{{#ifexist: File:Sweater.svg | x350px | x350px}}
Class Topwear
Type Sweater
Material Wool, Cotton, Silk, Linen
Length Unknown
Shape Unknown
Alias Unknown

A sweater is a type of top garment with long sleeves, made of knitted or crocheted material that covers the upper part of the body. Traditionally made from wool, modern sweaters can be also made from cotton, synthetic fibers or any combination of these materials.

Features

A quintessential garment in the knitwear category, sweaters usually feature soft-feeling textures and visually ornate patterns, depending on the knitting technique that is applied. The volume of the garment also varies by their materials, but in general, the fabrics tend to be bulkier than other types of topwear apparel.

Knitted fabrics are generally somewhat elastic and have a softer hand (feel or drape) than woven fabric, sweaters that are more tightly fitted or have a soft drape may conform well to the body without requiring tailoring necessary in a woven garment such as darts, flares and gores.

Thin sweaters may be worn tucked into the waistband of trousers; but otherwise, men's sweaters are worn untucked. Nonetheless, some individuals, including some television and film actors, have been known for wearing tucked-in sweaters.

Variations

  • Various necklines are found, although the V-neck, turtleneck and the crew neck are the most popular.
  • The sleeve length is also variable, ranging from full-length or three-quarters to short-sleeved, cap sleeves or sleeveless.
  • The front seam or opening of a cardigan allows for further different styles, such as a surplice or a bolero jacket.
  • The hemline is typically at hip height or slightly longer, just overlapping the waist of one's pants or skirt, but can vary significantly. It can range from just below the bust in women's garments to mid-thigh in either sex, or even longer in a knitted variation of the poncho shirtdress. All hems may have various types of borders, such as picots, ribbing and frills.


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Derivatives

The term "sweater" can be used in a broad sense to describe a range of top knitwear in various styles, but in most cases, a proper sweater is worn as a pullover without an opening or fastening in the front. When it has an opening or a fastening that runs down to the hem in the front, the garment is known as a cardigan. When it has no sleeves, the garment is known as a slipover or a sweater vest.

Article of Clothing US UK
Knitted garment covering torso and arms that is closed at the front sweater, pullover sweater, pullover, jumper
Knitted garment covering torso and arms that is open at the front sweater, cardigan sweater, cardigan, jumper
Women's sleeveless dress jumper pinafore
Cotton (or jersey) garment covering torso and arms that is closed at the front sweatshirt jersey
Athletic shirt jersey jersey, kit (refers to full sports uniform)
Sleeveless knit garment sweater vest, slipover slipover, tank top
Sleeveless undershirt tank top vest, singlet
Sleeveless formal garment vest waistcoat

Combinations

  • Sweaters are a versatile item of clothing and can be worn on top of almost any outfit. Sports sweaters are often worn on tops of sports kit while traveling to or from a sports ground.
  • Sweaters can be worn with a dress shirt underneath (and optionally a tie), which has the advantage of allowing the wearer to have the option of removing the sweater when it is uncomfortably warm and still looking presentable in many situations.
  • For a simple knitwear outfit, a sweater can be complemented with a circular scarf and a fur hat in any color scheme.
  • Layering and the ease with which it allows for temperature regulation is a major benefit of the sweater as an article of clothing. Various methods have evolved for conveniently carrying a sweater, once removed. The three most common approaches are: around the waist (either loin cloth or knotted in front style) and over the shoulder.
  • Some people enjoy wearing Christmas-related sweaters around Christmas time to get into the festive spirit.
  • Some women's sweaters are meant to be worn belted; a belt or drawstring is sometimes knitted into the sweater itself. Leggings are commonly worn with long sweaters or sweater dresses.
  • It can be also worn as an alternative to a shirt when finer materials made them more comfortable next to the skin.

Sweatshirts

In 1920, Benjamin Russell Jr., a quarterback for the Alabama Crimson Tide Football team, was tired of the constant chafing and itching caused by their wool football uniforms. Russell Jr. worked with his father, who owned a manufacturing company, to come up with a better option. At the time, Russell Manufacturing Company made garments for women's and children's knit shirts and undergarments.

Knowing the durability and comfort of cotton they created a new practice jersey that was a modification of a ladies’ union suit top from thick cotton that was produced throughout the factory. These loose, collarless pullovers – produced from women's undergarments to be used as men's football jerseys - would go on to become an iconic sweatshirt. Russell went on to create a new division of his factory, focusing solely on the production of sweatshirts, which became the Russell Athletic Company.

The sweatshirt's potential as a portable advertising tool was discovered in the 1960s when U.S. universities began printing their names on the medium. For students and parents alike, university names on sweatshirts became the preferred casual attire for exhibiting school pride. The sweatshirt, along with the T-shirt, provided a cheap and effective way of disseminating information on a mass scale. The T-shirt slogan fad of the seventies inevitably translated to sweatshirts. Recognizing the relative simplicity of customization and the power of clever graphics combined with catchphrases, sweatshirts became a vehicle for personal expression for both the designer and the person wearing them.

Sweatshirts are arguably a type of sweater, but made of a fabric and cut similar to sweatpants. A sweatshirt worn with sweatpants forms a sweatsuit, an exercise outfit designed to raise the core body temperature and cause perspiration in order to lose body weight before a weigh-in for a weight-divided sport. It is fashioned out of a thick, usually cotton jersey material. Sweatshirts are also almost exclusively casual attire and not dressy as some other sweaters may be. Sweatshirts may or may not have a hood. A sweatshirt with a hood is now usually referred to as a hoodie, although more formal media still use the term "hooded sweatshirt".

Care

Sweaters are often maintained by washing or dry cleaning and the use of a lint roller or pill razor. But airing (and rinsing in pure water if necessary) is considered better than washing with soap or another detergent, especially when not all of the natural oil (lanolin) has been removed from the wool. The use of detergent is in fact detrimental because it removes the lanolin, which helps the wool to repel and shed dirt as well as water. In fact sweaters made from unscoured wool, such as some Irish Aran jumpers, remain wearable even when wet.